Viral yellows are a major problem for the sugar industry and has long been a focus of breeding.
It is a group of viruses that affect the leaves of sugar beet. Infected by the green peach aphid and the black bean aphid, the leaves gradually turn yellow and brittle. An infected field will have yellowed nests that are randomly distributed after the infection foci spread. The consequence is that photosynthesis and plant development will be severely affected. The infestation can lead to yield losses of up to -50% and sugar content losses of up to 2%!
Many European countries, the ban on neonicotinoids has become a serious problem in beet cultivation. Today, the genetic resources we have are capable of securing 85% of their potential yield even under very high virus yellows pressure. It is with pride that we are able to propose first varieties for the next sowing campaigns.
As of 2015
- Genetic mapping of hybrids and their components against the three viruses BChV, BYV, BMYV. Inoculation of a varietal pool with one or more of these viruses in a controlled environment.
- Result: a real genetic differentiation of some of our varieties against the viruses was demonstrated. We now measure the importance of this real asset.
- Launch of the MODEFY scientific program to combat virus yellows.
- Implementation of viruliferous aphid inoculation trials, in tunnels and in the open field on plants of the beta genus (sugar beet, pear, red beet, cardoon, wild beet, etc).
- Identification of genes of interest from field surveys, yield measurements and molecular marking.
- First screening of sugar beet varieties and their parental lines.
And concretely, what are the prospects for 2022/2023 for the grower?
The results obtained in 2021 within the framework of the PROBEET and MODEFY programs confirm the trend announced by the work relaunched in 2015.
Today, several varieties our commercial and pre-commercial range are encouraging because of their good behaviour in infested situations. In the medium term, the integration of yellows tolerance into our germplasm will probably be faster than initially expected. The next step in our work is to build a range that combines this tolerance with the yield and tolerance levels expected by the market.
Look forward to exciting topics and results on Virus Yellows:
All blog posts about the project MODEFY
About 200 particitpants of the sugar beet sector from 11 countries get together to update on research advances .
It was a day full of optimism and innovation and we are happy to announce that we able to face VirusYellows in sugarbeets…more
Innovative Phenotyping Tool
Dr Leilane Barreto is a scientist in the Spectral Analysis Department at Strube Research and is part of the MODEFY project group. She and her colleague Dr. Martinez are responsible for all the processes around spectral analysis in connection with the Beet Yellow Virus. We interviewed Dr Leilane…more
Introduced: The project's funding regions
After the devastating damage caused by the yellowing virus in France in recent years, French regions are particularly involved in beet rescue in the MODEFY project. The project includes several cooperation partners such as the ITB, INRAE, Deleplanque and Strube. The regionally funded project was…more
Introduced: The partners of the project
The scientists and breeders at Strube Research are the initiators and main partners of the exciting MODEFY project. Essentially, the aim is to research the basics of the problem of yellowing virus in sugar beet and develop suitable measures.
The five-year project goal is to find technical…more